The appellation Côtes de Provence is located in the South of France, in Provence. It spreads over more than 20,000 hectares on 3 “départements” (districts): Var, Bouches-du-Rhône and Alpes Maritimes.
Château de la Galinière is situated east from Aix-en-Provence, in the village of Châteauneuf-le-Rouge, on the Cengle plateau, at the foot-hill of Montagne Sainte- Victoire. The castle, at the end of a 400 meters alley, forms the main building of Château de la Galinière. The building seems to lean against the Cengle, a big grey cliff standing above the Estate.
Château de la Galinière is on the Via Domitia, an old roman road. A spring of water from the Cengle Mountain made it a strategic position since the Roman Era. In 1772, the place became well-known as a coaching inn: the Pope Pius VII slept here in 1809 and 1814!
Several families followed one another and developed the vineyards throughout the years. In 1983, two antique dealers settled there and gave a fresh impetus to the Estate by refurbishing and extending it. In 2000, Château de la Galinière built a rigorously organized winery where wines can be vinified in optimum conditions. All these efforts are rewarded today by Château de la Galinière numerous awards to wine competitions.
Chateau de la Galinière is located at an altitude between 230 and 257 meters above sea level. It is planted on a clay and sand soil with Bauxite that makes it red. The name of the village Chateauneuf-le-rouge comes from it (“rouge” means red in French). The grape varieties on the estate are Cabernet-Sauvignon, Cinsault, Grenache, Syrah, Vermentino and Viognier. Oriented to the South, the Château benefits from the winter sun and warm temperatures. The Estate is under the influence of a continental micro-climate that soften the Mistral (wind) strength.
The vineyard is entirely trellised to resist the attacks of the Mistral and to catch more sunlight. The Estate is managed by Fabrice Arcari since 2006. The vineyard spreads over about forty hectares. It is organic farming certified since the 2014 harvest.
One row out of two is let with grass and plowing is mechanical. As in most of the Southern vineyards, the vegetative cycle is early. The vines are pruned between December and March. The budburst happens quite early in March. Then comes the disbudding from April to May to regulate the yields.
In order for the vines to get a maximum of sunlight, the trellis wires are lifted up during the tying-down. When needed, a green harvest is done. The leaves are a little bit cleared up for a better ripening. The harvest takes place end of August or beginning of September. The mechanical harvest is conducted in the morning (between 4 to 9 am) to put cool grapes in the vats without having to cool them down (respect of the product and energy saving). The harvest is directly sorted by the machine: only the berries goes to the winery (stem and other waste are discarded).
Built in 2000, the winery is half-buried. The stainless-steel vats offer a storage capacity of 2,000 hl. 260,000 bottles are vinified and produced each year. Fabric Arcari follows the wine throughout the vinification process with regular quality analysis and tastings. The winemaking is traditional in temperature controlled stainless-steel vats.
The grapes are pressed with great care right when they arrive at the winery (pneumatic press). Only the first juices, the clearest, are kept to elaborate the rosé. The must is let to settle down to obtain fine and delicate aromas. The fermentation last for several days at 14°C. the temperature rises slowly to reach 20°C. The ageing lasts for 3 months on fine lees, in stainless-steel vats.
The wines offer a great aromatic typicity. Expression of terroir and respect of grape varieties are the watchwords when making our wines.