The main production regions are located around Mendoza (70%), San Juan, La Rioja, Rio Negro and Salta, vineyards between the 25th and 40th parallel, which are the same latitudes than Chilean vineyards.
The majority of these vineyards are planted on the foothills of the Andes Mountains between 600 and 1500m of altitude.
The soils contain sandy alluvial sediments with gravelly and limestone subsoils. It is a dry continental climate with rainfall that does not exceed 225mm per year. The vineyards are consequently irrigated by a drip system in order to compensate the poor rainfall which is insufficient to grow the vine.
The Andes Mountains protect the vineyards from the humid wines of the Pacific Ocean: the region thus benefits from warm sunny days although nights are chilly. This atmospheric temperature range is particularly interesting for a better aroma expression.
The first vines were planted in 1554 by the Spanish conquistadors. At the beginning of the 80’s, Nicolas Catena understood that Argentina had one of the best terroirs in the world and was one of the first to identify the biggest terroirs, the vineyards planted with old vines and to introduce modern wine-producing methods.
Malbec. Although it was imported by the French in the 19th century, it has become the emblem of the Argentina wine, of Mendoza region especially where it found its best terroir. Intense and fruity nose, red fruits and forest fruits aromas. Very tannic wine, intense color with purplish highlights.