The Rothschilds are a dynasty of successful financiers and bankers, and they also went down in history as successful and talented winemakers. Since 1933, Baron Philippe de Rothschild has always been obsessed with the idea of making the best wines in the world! And this he and his descendants have been able to do for several centuries: in 1972, Château Mouton Rothschild's own vineyards were classified as Premier Gran Cru Classé (the highest degree of quality), and Mouton Cadet vintage wines are recognizable and popular all over the world. Both in California and Chile, Opus One and Almaviva high-level wines were also created, winning recognition and the highest ratings from wine connoisseurs.
The founder of the Rothschild dynasty is Mayer Amschel Rothschild, who became a successful banker and founded a bank in Frankfurt am Main. His father owned a workshop, the emblem of which was a red shield with the golden Roman eagle depicted on it, hence the name “red shield”. Later Mayer Amschel took his surname after the name of the workshop “Red Shield” or “Rotschield”.
Mayer Amschel Rothschild had five sons, who in 1789, by his decision, were sent to the five largest cities of Europe at that time to head the banks in each of them: Solomon to Vienna, Nathan to London, Karl to Naples, James to Paris, and Amschel stayed in Frankfurt to help his father. Thus, the Rothschild family expanded the geography of its activities throughout Europe.
In 1850, the son of Nathan - Baron Nathaniel Rothschild decides to settle in Paris. Receiving important people, he had an irrepressible desire to honor his high-ranking guests with his own wine, and, following his dream, in 1853 he acquired the property of the Château Brane Mouton castle, located in the heart of the Medoc, in the town of Pauillac. And he would not have been the Rothschild, if he had not renamed the castle, giving him his own name - Château Mouton Rothschild. Thus began the great wine-making history of the Rothschild family.
In 1922, Baron Philip Rothschild joined the castle and its economic activities. In his hands was the fate of the castle, and thanks to its ambitions and dedication, fame and success did not take long to wait!
The impudent and resolute Baron Philippe de Rothschild achieved that, as an exception, the classification for his estate was changed. In 1855, Mouton Rothschild was classified as the 2nd Grand Cru, but a century later in 1973, thanks to the baron, he was given the status of the first - Premier Grand Cru Classé. It should be noted that in the entire history of Bordeaux, this happened only once and since then its status has not been changed for any farm!
During World War II, in addition to the huge financial losses, Baron Philippe de Rothschild, upon returning to Paris with Charles de Gaulle in 1945, learns that his wife was deported to a concentration camp in Germany two weeks before the arrival of the liberation army. Baron lost his wife, but, fortunately, he was able to save his daughter, Baroness Philippine, whom her mother managed to pass on to her neighbors, which saved her from death.
At the end of the war, Rothschild had to carry out major restoration work at the winery and vineyards. Then he asks his friend, artist Philip Julian, to illustrate the label for his first harvest after the war. Then a label appeared with the letter V - “victoire” as a symbol of victory. Since then, since 1945, a bottle of each new year of harvest has been decorated with a reproduction of a painting specially created for this occasion by various famous artists. Baron Philippe de Rothschild ordered paintings from artists, in exchange for which was provided a box of the same wine for which the picture was painted. Such a sufficient, mutually beneficial union was interesting even for such famous artists as Miro, Picasso, Chagall, Cocteau, Warhol and many others.
About sixty years old Baron Philippe de Rothschild dedicated wine, tireless work on improving the quality of Bordeaux wines in general. Thanks to his innovative ideas, he achieved the high quality of his wines, not only for the premium Mouton Rothschild, but also for the commercial wines under the brand Mouton Cadet. He created this brand so that he could offer some kind of wine to his loyal customers every day! Today, this wine is recognizable in 120 countries and is sold in the amount of 12 million bottles per year.
In addition to Mouton Cadet, Baron Philippe de Rothschild has other equally successful projects and wines: Château Mouton d'Armailhacq (since 1933), Château Clers Millon (since 1970), and in 1979, working together with the great California winemaker Robert Mondavi was born wine Opus One.
Baron Philippe de Rothschild lived 86 years, and in 1988 the management of the company passed on to his only daughter, Baroness Philippine de Rothschild. She is one of the most influential and famous figures in the wine business. During her reign, sales increased significantly; she also opened the Château Mouton Rothschild label gallery. Largely thanks to her, the production of wines was modernized, which immediately reflected on the quality of wines. New wineries were built in California and Chile - Mapu and Escudo Rojo, in the south of France - Domaine de Baron’Arques, and the baroness in collaboration with major Chilean producer Concha y Toro created a new masterpiece in the wine industry - the refined Almaviva wine.